In order to create a congenial atmosphere for an acceptable political solution to the ethnic question in Sri Lanka, certain steps need to be taken by the Government of Sri Lanka on the one hand and the Tamil militants on the other.
The following series of steps should be implemented by the Government of Sri Lanka on the one hand and the Tamil militants on the other as indicated, over periods shows against each step (viz.):
Phase I: Start on 18 June for Three Weeks
Action to be taken by Sri Lanka Government
Reciprocal steps by the Militants
|1.||Government will lift restrictive legislation on use of roads and vehicles and suspend enforcement of prohibited zone.||Stop using the prohibited zone for carrying men and material.|
|2.||New settlements will be suspended.||Stop attacks on civilians––both Sinhalese and Tamils ––in the North, East and elsewhere.|
|3.||Security forces will carry out cordon and searches and operations in the presence of local officials and magistrates.||Cease attacks in the North, East and elsewhere on government offices, economic targets and private property.|
|4.||Lift of surveillance zone, stop infusion of further resources to armed services and police establishments.||Stop induction of men and material to affected areas from outside Sri Lanka.|
Phase II: Three Weeks
|1.||Security forces will suspend raids and suspend curfew.||Cease attacks in the North directed against convoys of security forces including police establishments, mining of roads, rail tracks and bridges. Stop carrying of arms.|
Phase III: Two weeks
|1.||Observe cease-fire.||Observe cease-fire|
|2.||Police stations which had been closed down will be reopened and the law and order function will be carried out by the police.|
|3.||Amnesty will be declared and those in custody against whom charges have not been filed will be released. (Those who have been charged will be released after the conclusion of successful discussions).|
Secret talks on substantive issues for reaching a political settlement to take place between the emissaries of the Government and representatives of the Tamil political leadership and the Tamil militant groups. The venue of these talks could be a third country acceptable to both sides. Every effort should be made to maintain the secrecy of these talks and in any case, of the course of the discussions. The search of a solid foundation for a political solution must be completed within a period of three months from the date of declaration of cease-fire and amnesty. Depending on the result of these secret talks, open and direct dialogue between the Government and the representatives of the Tamils can commence as soon as the necessary groundwork is considered to have been laid.
Agreement Between The Indian High Commissioner in Sri Lanka and the LTTE
- 1. A list of those present is at Annexure attached.
- 2. The High Commissioner informed Mr. V. Pirabhakaran that President Jayewardene has agreed to establish an Interim Administrative Council for the North and Eastern Provinces, as per the following composition:
- Chief Administrator/ Administrator in Council––One of the three persons included in the list submitted by the LTTE to be appointed.
(i) LTTE 5
(ii) TULF 2
(iii) Muslims 2
(to include one nominee of LTTE)
(iv) Sinhalese 2
- Mr. Pirabhakaran agreed to the composition of the Interim Administrative Council as indicated above.
- The High Commissioner Shri J.N. Dixit informed Mr. V. Pirabhakaran that President Jayewardene had agreed to delegate his executive powers, as envisaged in paras 10.1 and 10.2 of the Bangalore proposals to the Administrator in Council during the interim period i.e., till elections to the provincial councils are held.
- The Administrator in Council would accordingly be responsible for the maintenance of law and order responsibilities as outlined in the relevant paragraphs.
- It was agreed that the establishment of an Interim Administration would facilitate the fulfilment of the five demands put forward by the LTTE in its resolution conveyed on 13 September 1987 to the High Commissioner.
- Mr. Pirabhakaran said that the LTTE would fully cooperate in the implementation of the Indo-Sri Lanka Agreement subject to assurances given to him by the Prime Minister of India in July 1987.
- Mr. Pirabhakaran said that the LTTE would surrender the remaining arms i.e., other than the personal arms for the security of their leaders once conditions of security for their leaders and cadres are created.
- Mr. Pirabhakaran agreed that the LTTE will cooperate fully and ensure smooth functioning of all aspects of the civil administration, including the functioning of the police force.
- Mr. Pirabhakaran agreed that free and fair elections to the provincial council will be held and that the LTTE will cooperate fully in the process.
- High Commissioner Shri Dixit and Mr. Pirabhakaran agreed that the LTTE and the Indian official media would desist from mutual criticism.
- In view of agreement having been reached on paras 2 to 11 above, the Sri Lanka Government will announce the establishment of the Interim Administrative Council within 48 hours of the signing of the Agreed Minutes.
- It was also agreed that the Governments of India and Sri Lanka will formally announce the salient points of the Agreement.
- Upon this being done, the LTTE would make an announcement about the withdrawal of its agitation and fasting unto death campaign
First Secretary (Political)
HIGH COMMISSOIN OF INDIA
28 September 1987
|(K. MAHENDRA RAJA)
Dy Leader LTTE
28 September 1987
Joint Communique issued by the High Commissioner of India in Sri Lanka, Mr. L. Mehotra and the Foreign Secretary of Sri Lanka, Mr. Bernard Tilakaratna, Colombo, 28 July 1989
The President of Sri Lanka has requested the Prime Minister of India to recommence the withdrawal of the IPKF. The withdrawal will recommence on the 29th of July 1989. The High Commissioner of India reiterated the invitation of the Minister of External Affairs of the Government of India to the Foreign Minister of the Government of Sri Lanka to visit India to discuss the time schedule for the withdrawal of the remaining IPKF contingent in Sri Lanka. The invitation has been accepted. This opportunity will be used to review the implementation of the Indo-Sri Lanka Agreement. During the visit of the delegation of the question of cessation of all offensive military operation by the IPKF and the safety and security of all communities in North Eastern Province of Sri Lanka will also be discussed.
Press Statement issued by the Sri Lankan Delegation at the conclusion of talks, New Delhi,
4 August 1989.
- 1. A delegation led by Hon. Ranjan Wijeratne, Foreign Minister of Sri Lanka and comprising Hon. A.C.S. Hameed, Minister of Higher Education, Science and Technology and senior officials of the Government of Sri Lanka visited New Delhi from July 29 to August 4, 1989 at the invitation of the Minister of External Affairs of India, His Excellency Shri P.V. Narasimha Rao.
2. During their stay in Delhi, the delegation called on the Prime Minister of India, His Excellency Shri Rajiv Gandhi. The delegation had two rounds of talks with the Prime Minister of India and several discussions with the Minister of External Affairs, His Excellency Shri P.V. Narasimha Rao and the Minister of Defence, His Excellency Shri K.C. Pant. The talks were held in a cordial and friendly atmosphere.
3. The discussions centered around the regular and expeditious withdrawal of the IPKF, the cessation of offensive military operations by them and the security situation in the Northern and Eastern Provinces and other relevant issues. During the discussions, both sides presented their proposals for resolving the issues involved.
4. The Sri Lanka delegation leaves for Colombo today and will submit their report to His Excellency President R. Premadasa for his consideration and decision.
Joint Communique on IPKF withdrawal, Colombo, 18 September 1989
Colombo, September 18. The following is the text of the joint communiqué issued simultaneously by the Government of India and the Government of Sri Lanka today.
In pursuance of the communiqué signed in Colombo on July 28, 1989, by Mr. L. L. Mehrotra, the High Commissioner of India, and Mr. Bernard Tilakratne, Secretary, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Sri Lanka, three rounds of consultation were held by the two Governments.
A Sri Lankan delegation, led by the Foreign Minister, Mr. Ranjan Wijeratne, visited India from July 29 to August 4, 1989. Mr. Bradman Weerakoon, Special Envoy of the President of Sri Lanka, held further discussion in New Delhi from August 15 to 17, 1989. A final round of talks was held between Mr. Rajiv Gandhi, Prime Minister of India, and Mr. Ranjan Wijeratne, Foreign Minister of Sri Lanka, during their visit to Belgrade from September 4 to 7, 1989.
Cordial, friendly: The talks were held in a cordial and friendly atmosphere. They covered bilateral issues, including the de-induction of the remaining IPKF contingents in Sri Lanka, the implementation of the Indo-Sri Lanka Agreement, and measures to ensure the safety and security of all communities of the North-Eastern Province of Sri Lanka.
The implementation of the Indo-Sri Lanka Agreement was reviewed in depth by the two sides. The Sri Lankan side briefed the Indian side on the progress made and the further steps taken by them for the expeditious implementation of the devolution process, such as establishing of the provincial police force and facilitating the effective functioning of the North-Eastern Provincial Council, and the establishment of an adequate administrative structure for that purpose. The Lankan side also informed the Indian side that it would institute all measures to strengthen the civil administration as early as possible which would ensure peace and normalcy in the North-Eastern Province.
Peace committee: The Sri Lankan side informed the Indian side of their decision to set up a peace committee on September 20, 1989, to afford an opportunity to all political and ethnic groups in the North-Eastern Province to come together to settle their differences, through a process of consultation, compromise and consensus, and to bring all groups into the democratic process, thereby ending violence and improving conditions for the physical safety and security of all communities. This would help restore normalcy and contribute to the effective functioning of the North-Eastern Provincial Council. The first meeting of the peace committee will be held within three weeks of the setting up of this committee. This decision was welcomed by the Indian side.
It was decided to set up a security coordination group comprising the Sri Lankan Minister of State for Defence, the Chief Minister of the North-Eastern Province, the Sri Lankan Defence Secretary and the GOC of the IPKF, with a view to avoiding any adverse impact on the law and order situation in the North-Eastern Province and to suggest measures to ensure the safety and security in the North-Eastern Province as the phased de-induction of the IPKF and the strengthening of the civilian administration of the North-Eastern Province of Sri Lanka proceed. This group will keep in view the recommendations of the peace committee relating to the safety and security of the inhabitants of the North-Eastern Province.
In view of the above, the process of de-induction of the IPKF, which recommenced on July 29, 1989, will be continued on the expeditious schedule. All efforts will be made to accelerate the de-induction by December 31, 1989.
The Indian side stated that the suspension of offensive military operations by the IPKF will come into effect at 6 a.m. on September 20, 1989. An observer group consisting of the Sri Lanka Army Commander and the GOC of the IPKF will report any violations of the cessation of hostilities and immediate consequential action taken, and recommend further remedial action to the President of Sri Lanka.
|L. L. Mehrotra||B. P.Tilakaratne|
|High Commissioner for India||Secretary to the|
|Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Sri Lanka|